China's bronze casting technology is booming, and the copper casting industry is booming. Copper has replaced other materials and has become the main material for incense burner casting, and it is rapidly gaining popularity. With the rise of health-care incense activities, incense culture has also received increasing attention. Incense utensils have appeared as early as the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. With the increase in demand in the Han and Tang Dynasties, incense utensils made of various materials appeared in the reign of Emperor Xuande of the Ming Dynasty. At that time, in order to satisfy the hobby of enjoying the incense burner, the imperial court master was instructed to design according to the styles of the famous kiln porcelains of Ding, Ru, Guan, Brother, and other equal kiln in the imperial palace, as well as historical books such as "Xuanhe Bogu Catalog" and "Archaeological Map" He supervised the production of incense burners, cast the world-famous Xuande stove, and opened the precedent of later generations of copper stoves. Wind-milled copper from Siam (now Thailand) was used at the time, and metals such as gold, silver, lead, and mercury were used for repeated smelting, and the process was complicated. Xiang Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty said in "Xuanluo Bolun" that "Xuan Temple followed the craftsmen and made twelve, and only four or two ears were gained per kilogram." In this way, Wu Bangzuo was instructed to finally develop a variety of colors and styles. There are thousands of furnaces, which is the "Xuande furnace" that has been famous for hundreds of years.
Xuande furnace is famous in China for its beautiful shape and fine texture. Pioneering "Xuanluo Song" praised its skin color: "like a woman's skin, soft and delicate can be pinched." The furnace was imitated in the Xuande Dynasty and continued to the Republic of China and even today. For hundreds of years of changes in mountains and rivers, the copper incense burner that was actually cast in three years in Xuande has become extremely rare. Due to the existence of many imitations in past generations, the "Xuande Furnace" later became not only a furnace manufactured by Xuande for three years, but also a collective name for a copper furnace with a Xuande style. Some of them are of excellent quality and are rare antiques.
The Ming and Qing dynasties were the pinnacle of copper furnace production. Craftsmen accumulated superb skills in the long-term production process, formed a unique tradition, and were unique in the history of Chinese arts and crafts. The carefully smelted copper furnace has a simple and elegant shape, smooth body lines, exquisite workmanship, soft color and delicate texture, and the collection value and historical value cannot be ignored. Its unique cultural characteristics made the copper furnace a typical utensil represented by the culture at that time, which had a high artistic and collection value.